The socio-economic situation of Russia in 2001 is possible to characterize by the term «unstable balance». Available action of two opposite directed processes. From one, external party, within two last years the functional revival of many industries takes place, among which, except for resource branches, are mashinbuilding, metal cutting industry, biological industry, and also sectors focused on domestic consumption. From other, internal party, there are powerful processes of reduction of microeconomic potential: aging of a fixed capital, loss of technological obvious and implicit knowledge, poor enterprise management. The first processes require support, second — in braking and overcoming.